The Tallest Buildings In The World


The Tallest Buildings In The World

The Tallest Buildings In The World

Even if you’re not architecturally inclined you’ll appreciate these towering structures. Some of the most impressive modern marvels are the insanely high skyscrapers that rise above clouds and seem to go on forever. It could be residential buildings or offices and sometimes they’re a hybrid mix of offices, apartments, and even hotel rooms. The views are stunning but they come at a cost.

1. Burj Khalifa, Dubai (2010) :

Burj Khalifa is the tallest building in the world and it is the first building to hold the title of World’s Tallest Freestanding Structure since the Empire State Building lost the title to the Ostankino Tower in 1967, with  (829.8 m / 2,723 ft) height which is over half a mile, It has 163 floors.

Burj Khalifa has redefined what is possible in designing and engineering supertall buildings by combining cutting-edge technologies and cultural influences. The building serves as a global icon that is both a model for future urban centers and speaks to the global movement towards compact liveable urban areas. 

The tower and its surrounding neighborhood are more centralized than any other new development in Dubai at the center of a new downtown district, Burj Khalifa’s mixed-use program focuses on the area’s development density and provides direct connections to mass transit systems.

Burj Khalifa was designed by Adrian Smith of Skidmore Owings & Merrill, whose firm designed the Willis Tower and One World Trade Center, Hyder Consulting was chosen to be the supervising engineer with NORR Group Consultants International Limited chosen to supervise the architecture of the project. Burj Khalifa’s total cost was around 1.5 billion US$.

Burj Khalifa  was designed to be the centerpiece of large-scale mixed-use development to include:

  • 30,000 houses.
  • 9 hotels. 
  • 7.4 acres of parkland.
  • at least 19 residential skyscrapers.
  • The Dubai Mall. 
  • The 12-hectare (30-acre) artificial Burj Khalifa Lake.

Burj Khalifa

2.Shanghai Tower, China, Shanghai (2015):

Shanghai Tower is the second tallest building in the world, the third tower in the trio of signature skyscrapers at the heart of Shanghai’s new Lujiazui Finance and Trade Zone. Shanghai Tower embodies a new prototype for tall buildings placed near Jin Mao Tower and Shanghai World Financial Centre. The new tower rises high above the skyline, its curved spiraling form symbolizing the dynamic emergence of modern China but its twisting form goes beyond just creating a unique appearance. Wind tunnel tests confirm 24% saving in structural wind loading when compared to a rectangular building of the same height.

With (6,341 km² • 2,448 mi²) area, the Tower height is 632 m (2,073 ft) tall with 128 floors. The Shanghai Tower was designed by the American architectural firm Gensler, with Shanghainese architect Jun Xia leading the design team. The tower had an estimated construction cost of US$2.4 billion.

Shanghai Tower is a mixed-use building like other skyscraper buildings. It also typically functions as:

  • Offices 
  • Hotels
  • Providing the spaces for tourism or observation.
  • Retail
  • Parking
  • Exhibitions and art shows



128th floor

Mechanical layer 9

125th–127th floor

Concert hall

Exhibition Hall

Tuned mass damper display

122nd–124th floor

Mechanical layer 8

121st floor

Observation deck

120th floor


118th & 119th floor

Observation deck

116th & 117th floor

Mechanical layer 7

111th–115th floor

Boutique floors

110th floor

VIP Business Center

105th–109th floor

J Hotel Presidential Suite, Super Deluxe Room

104th floor

Restaurant, Spicy Hall, VIP Room

103rd floor

Theme Restaurants, Luxury Boutique Wine Cellar, Banquet Hall

102nd floor


101st floor

J Hotel Skylobby / Lounge, Sky Bar

99th & 100th floor

Mechanical layer 6

86th–98th floor

J Standard Hotel Rooms, Deluxe Rooms

85th floor

Spa, fitness center

84th floor

Swimming pool, Sky Lounge, Bar, Sky Gardens

82nd & 83rd floor

Mechanical layer 5

70th–81st floor

Office Zone 5

68th & 69th floor

Sky lobby

66th & 67th floor

Mechanical layer 4

54th–65th floor

Office Zone 4

52nd & 53rd floor

Sky lobby

50th & 51st floor

Mechanical layer 3

39th–49th floor

Office Zone 3

37th & 38th floor

Sky lobby

35th & 36th floor

Mechanical layer 2

24th–34th floor

Office Zone 2

22nd & 23rd floor

Sky lobby

20th & 21st floor

Mechanical layer 1

8th–19th floor

Office Zone 1

6th & 7th floor

Mechanical layer

5th floor

Conference Center

3rd & 4th floor

Shops and restaurants

2nd floor

Shanghai Center Grand Ballroom, Boutique Office Lobby, shops, and restaurants

1st floor

Office lobby, hotel lobbies, shops, and restaurants


Sightseeing Floor entrance, shops, and restaurants


Subway station entrance, shops, and restaurants


Parking, cargo handling areas, hotels logistics, the mechanical layer

Shanghai Tower

3. Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower, Mecca, Saudi Arabia  (2012):

Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower also known as (Makkah Royal Clock Tower) is the third tallest building in the world at the heart of the holiest Islamic city. Abraj Al-Bait clock tower brings an air of modernization to the bustling historic center of Mecca. 

The tower is developed as a component of the King Abdulaziz Endowment Project and provides comfortable accommodations for devout Muslims that travel to the city every year during the Hajj period. It is conveniently located adjacent to the Grand Mosque accommodating up to two million worshippers throughout the event. It measures (601) meters high and consists of 120 floors.






Abraj Al-Bait Clock Tower

601 m (1,972 ft)



Fairmont Makkah Clock Royal Tower Hotel

Hajar (She is regarded as the mother of Prophet Ishmael)

279 m (915 ft)



Movenpick Hotel & Residences Hajar Tower Makkah

Zamzam (The Holy Well from which the Blessed Water sprung out)

279 m (915 ft)



Pullman ZamZam Makkah Hotel

Safa (A hill within the Al-Masjid Al-Haram)

220 m (720 ft)



Raffles Makkah Palace Hotel

Marwah (A hill within the Al-Masjid Al-Haram)

220 m (720 ft)



Al Marwa Rayhaan by Rotana – Makkah Hotel

Maqam Ibrahim (an enshrined rock which is said to contain the footprints of the Prophet Ibrahim)

232 m (761 ft)



Swissôtel al Maqam Makkah

Qibla (a niche in a mosque that points towards the Kaaba in Mecca)

232 m (761 ft)



Swissotel Makkah

The complex has a built-up area of 2.8 million square meters (21.5 million square feet) and is designed by architects SL Rach and Dar al-Handasah Shair & Partners, at a cost of over US$15billion.

Facilities at  Abraj Al-Bait clock tower:

  • The Tower complex houses residential towers for permanent residents.
  • A five-star hotel operated by Fairmont Hotels and Resorts for accommodating the Hajj pilgrims. 
  • The Abraj Al-Bait shopping mall.
  • The building offers parking space for more than 1,000 vehicles.
  • Other facilities at the tower complex include an Islamic Museum, a Lunar Observation Centre. 
  • Large prayer room with a capacity for more than 10,000 people.


4. Ping An Finance Centre, Shenzhen, China (2017):

Ping An Finance Centre is the fourth tallest building in the world. It rises from a prominent location in the center of the city (china) connecting seamlessly to neighboring commercial and residential properties as well as the Pearl River Delta’s high-speed rail corridor. 

At its final height, the tower will symbolize a city that has witnessed unprecedented urban growth. It has (555 )m height ( 599) m to tip and it consists of 115 floors.

the tallest buildings

The building was commissioned by Ping An Insurance and designed by the American architectural firm Kohn Pedersen Fox Associates at a cost of over 1.5 billion USD.

The center consists of :

  • 100 office floors above a retail and conference podium.
  • Accommodating 15,500 workers and 9,000 daily passengers to an observation deck.
  • Ping An Finance Centre stands as a stone and glass tower on the northeast corner of its central site, anchoring the entire development.


5. Lotte World Tower, Seoul, South Korea (2017):

Lotte World Tower is the fifth tallest building in the world. Taking inspiration from traditional Korean art forms in the design of the various interior program spaces, the sleek tapered form of Lotte World Tower will stand out from Seoul’s rocky, mountainous topography, it has 123 floors and a height of … m.



117th~123rd floor

Observation deck(SEOUL SKY)

105th~114th floor

Private office

76th~101st floor


42nd~71st floor


14th~38th floor

Prime office

5th~12th floor


1st~2nd floor



Observation entrance


Parking lot

The tower is programmed with a greater variety of functions than is normally found in a tall building such as:

  • Retail components
  • Offices
  • A 7-stars luxury hotel
  • An officiate. Officiates common in South Korean real estate offers studio-apartment-style accommodations for people who work in the building and often feature certain services found in hotels, such as furnishings, a security desk, and gym access
  • The building’s top 10 stories are earmarked for extensive public use and entertainment facilities, including an observation deck and rooftop cafe

Lotte World Tower

6. One World Trade Centre, New York City (2014):

One World Trade Centre is the sixth tallest building in the world. One World Trade Center recaptures the New York skyline, reasserts downtown Manhattan’s pre-eminence as a business center, and establishes a new civic icon for the country. It is a memorable architectural landmark for the city and the nation, it connects excellently to the city with linkages to an extensive underground transportation network. 

Extending the long tradition of American ingenuity in high-rise construction the design solution is an innovative mix of architecture, structure, urban design, safety, and sustainability.

The building area is 40,000 square feet (3,700 m2)nearly identical to the footprints of the original Twin Towers, with (541) m,( 546) m to the tip of height,  the cost was US$3.9 billion.

The building contains 94 floors.

Lotte World Tower

  The architects who designed the building are : 

  •  Daniel Libeskind
  •  David Childs
  •  T. J. Gottesdiener

7. Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre, Guangzhou, China  (2016):

This building is the seventh tallest building in the world. Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre is a multipurpose tower located across Guangzhou International Finance Centre and Canton Tower. The project is adjacent to a large central park and a subterranean retail concourse with transportation interchanges integrating the project into the city and the wider region.

The building is situated on a 27,000 m2 (290,000 sq ft) area with a height of (530) m, it has 116 floors with 95 elevators and a cost of US$1.5 billion (as of September 2009), it was designed by Kohn Pedersen Fox.

the tallest buildings

The building serves purposes such as,

  • having residential places 
  • hotels
  • shopping center
  • offices
  • parking 

Upon its completion in 2016, the building featured the world’s fastest elevators at a maximum speed of 72 kph. They surpass the elevators of Taipei 101 which travel at a maximum speed of 60.6 kph. 

8. Tianjin CTF Finance Centre, Tianjin, China  (2019):

The building is the eighth tallest building globally and is located in the Tianjin Economic-Technological Development Area, an outer district of Tianjin China. 

The tower serves as an anchor for the larger area development, while housing,

  • Office space 
  • Luxury serviced apartments
  • Hotels

the tallest buildings

The building’s height is (530) meters and its floor area is  2,714,055 sq ft (252,144.0 m2),97 floors and 81 elevators. The building was designed by architecture firm Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP in collaboration with Ronald Lu & Partners.

9. China Zun, China (2018)

The ninth tallest building in the world. The nickname China Zun comes from the Zun, an ancient Chinese wine vessel that inspired the building design.

China Zun Tower is all-purpose, featuring 60 floors of office space, 20 floors of luxury apartments, and 20 floors of a hotel with 300 rooms. There will be a rooftop garden on the top floor at( 524 )m.

The total building’s height is (528) m, with an area of 427,000 m2 (4,600,000 sq ft), the cost was estimated at  24 billion yuan (US$3.8 billion). Farrells produced the tower’s land bid concept design, with Kohn Pedersen Fox assuming the project and completing a 14-month-long concept design process.

10. TAIPEI 101, Taiwan (2004)

Taipei 101 is the tenth tallest building in the world standing in the Xinyi District of Taipei, an area known for its financial services and vibrant shopping malls. TAIPEI 101 represents a worldwide precedent for sustainable skyscraper development. It achieved the LEED Platinum certification for Operations and Maintenance in 2011, for its an impressive feat for a tower of its size and complexity.

The skyscraper has 101 stories and reaches a height including the spire, of 1,667     feet (508 meters), the floor area is 412,500 m2 (4,440,100 sq ft), with 61 elevators.

The building is designed by C.Y. Lee & C.P. Wang for NT$58 billion (USD1.895 billion).


The building contains,

  • Club
  • Shopping center
  • Restaurants 
  • Garage 
  • Offices 

Why Did People Build Big Buildings?

The world is full of many astonishing and eye-catching sites, some of which are natural and others are man-made.

Buildings that fall into the latter category are some of the most amazing structures created by humans, some buildings are considered to be unique because of the materials they are made of, while others are popular as a result of their size and height. However, when it comes to the construction of tall buildings, drilling services must be rendered by professionals.

Skyscrapers have been around since the so-called “Chicago-style” architecture arose in the 1880s, developers routinely seek to push the envelope on height to gain more rentable space, and make the structure economically viable.

These are some reasons why do people build big buildings :

  • White space in dense cities:

white space or neutral zones in claustrophobic grids creates breathing room for people to move, live, work and play. Although everyday elements are close together, skyscrapers help energize residents and visitors with smart space planning and usage.

  • Environmental impact:

Despite what critics may say, compact urban living encourages people to live with less, taking the emphasis away from owning stuff when storage is limited. Residential skyscrapers are rightly viewed as a strategy to engineer more sustainable cities and reduce consumer waste.

  • Economic motivation:

The economic benefits of skyscrapers level a skewed playing field, for those suffering from social and financial inequality. In addition to the ownership question, tall buildings allow developers to address housing shortages, injecting more places to live into a prohibitive rental market

  • Unbeatable views:

The higher you are, the more you can see. Skyscrapers provide inhabitants with those end-of-day views to savor and ponder as they wind down with a glass of wine or a cold one. Imagine the future of Melbourne residents and office attendees if the Green Our City Action Plan goes ahead? 

  • .luxurious experiences:

with very fancy, modern, and luxurious cafes, restaurants, hotels, you can have an extra special experience that comes with these deluxe buildings

the tallest buildings

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